Physical and Occupational Therapy

Suffering a serious injury often leaves patients in need of rehabilitative services in order to fully recover. The people who provide those services are known as physical and occupational therapists.

Physical therapists aid patients in the improvement of movement and pain management following injuries, or after certain surgical procedures such as knee or hip replacements. A minimum of a bachelor’s degree is required by most facilities that employ physical therapists. Common coursework in a physical therapy program includes anatomy and physiology, biology, chemistry and physics.

Occupational therapists use everyday activities such as walking and swimming to treat injured, ill or disabled patients. The majority of occupational therapists work for healthcare facilities and hospitals, with the remainder of them employed by schools, nursing homes and home health services. Occupational therapists are required to earn a master’s degree and be licensed in order to practice. Licensing requirements vary by state.

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