IT Management

In the early 1990s, when the World Wide Web became available to the general public, most people were accessing it with a dial-up connection from a clunky desktop computer.

Fast-forward to the 21st Century, and consumers are inundated with so much technology they can barely keep up with it. Smartphones, iPads and other personal electronic devices are commonplace. High-speed internet and wireless internet connections at nearly every place of business make it easier than ever to stay connected.

With so much technology at the tips of our fingers, it takes a well-trained professional to help maintain it all. For businesses, it goes beyond just the maintenance of technology. Business owners also need to know what technology can help them grow, which is why most have a dedicated information technology person on staff.
Information technologists implement and maintain the technology infrastructure of an organization. They monitor operational requirements and build efficient and economical technology systems that align with a company’s goals.

Education Requirements

While there are associate degree programs in information technology, most jobs in the industry today require a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in either information technology or computer science.

Most bachelor degree programs in information technology include coursework that includes a basic introduction to computers and their operating systems, computer software and hardware, computer networking, web page design, technical writing, computer networking, wireless communications, advanced math, digital data communications and the fundamentals of information technology.

Master degree programs in information technology are offered both online and through traditional settings. Students who pursue this level of education will focus their studies on business principles related to information technology. Other coursework will include global economics, business leadership skills, financial accounting, data analysis for business integration and organizational strategy.

While doctorate degrees in information technology are available, they are not required to work in most jobs within the industry. Candidates who plan to work in the field of research and development, or who plan to teach information technology at a college level, will require a doctorate degree.

Future Outlook

Due to the ever-changing technology around us, demand for qualified information technology specialists is expected to grow by 18 percent over the next decade. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the growth rate is roughly 5 percent higher for this career than the average growth rate experienced by other business and industry being tracked for the same time period.

The average annual salary for information technologists who possess at least a bachelor’s degree is around $72,000. Candidates who have master’s degrees can expect to earn $166,000 or more annually.

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